The district’s economy is primarily based on agriculture. Agriculture, bio-gas plants, animal husbandry, small-scale industries provide direct and indirect employment to the people of district.
In Barabanki net irrigated area is 84.2 per cent as compared to U.P. 79.0 per cent. The intensity of irrigation in Barabanki is 176.9 per cent where as it is 140.0 per cent in U.P. In district Barabanki irrigation facility is above the state average. In Barabanki most of irrigation is done by private Tubewells and canals, which are 69.0 and 29.9 per cent respectively, whereas in U.P. it is 87.9 and 20.9 per cent respectively. In Barabanki irrigation by state Tubewells and other sources like pond/river, etc. are comparatively less than the state average.
In district Barabanki subsistence agriculture is practiced. Farmers rotate up to five crops round the year. The dominant crops are cereals mainly paddy and wheat covering 34.4 and 31.3 per cent respectively lands of gross cropped area, whereas in UP, it is 23.1 and 40.6 per cent respectively. Overall in Barabanki, cereal crops occupy 68.4 per cent area when in UP, it occupies 73.2 per cent area. In Barabanki overall pulses occupy 10.1 per cent, when in UP, it is 11.6 per cent. Total foodgrains area in Barabanki is 78.5 per cent, when in U.P., it is 84.9 per cent. Area under sugarcane is quite less, i.e. 3.6 per cent, whereas in UP, it is 9.5 per cent. Barabanki is one of the big potato producing areas in UP, potato covers 2.8 per cent of sown area in district which is higher than UP average which is less than 2.0 percent. Wheat, rice and maize are chief food crops of the district. Opium, menthol oil, sugarcane, fruits (Mango, Banana, Mushroom, etc.), vegetables (potato, tomato etc.) flowers (Gladiolus etc.), spices, etc. are chief cash crops of district. District also exports Mangoes and vegetables. Barabanki has been major hub of opium production since the days of British rule involving thousands of farmers, Barabanki district opium officer is based at Afeem Kothi is the only one in the state dealing with opium production.
Barabanki district is leading the country in menthol farming. Barabanki’s menthol cultivation is spread over 20,000 acres (81 sq.kms.).
Apart from crop farming, Livestock based farming system, Broiler farming, and Fish cultivation is also prevalent in the district, Bee keeping is also practiced in the Dewa block of the district.
District has ‘Regional Agriculture Seed Testing & Demonstration Station’ of Department of Agriculture of Government of India.
In 2004 Indian Council of Agriculture Research’a National Academy of Agriculture Research Management has established a Krishi Vigyan Kendra under Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology in the district. Institute for Integrated Society Development has established one Rural Technology Development and Dissemination Centre in the year 2002 at Nindura Block of Barabanki District. National Fertilizers Limited has established a Soil Testing Lab in the district. Information and Communication Technologies has a centre in the district.
Weaving products are apparel Scarfs, Shawls and Stoles, which have a good export market. These products are broadly categorized into two segments:
- Rayon Fiber
- Cotton Yarn
Barabanki has emerged as an handkerchief production hub from where unfinished product is taken and supplied back after they are finished. Scarves from Barabanki were displayed at ‘The National Handloom Expo – 2013’ held at Kozhikode from 16 February 2013 to 07 March 2013, National Handloom Expo is an exhibition to showcase diverse range of handloom products from different regions in the country.
Zardozi- In 2013 the Geographical Indication Registry(GIR) accorded the Geographical Indication (GI) registration to the Lucknow Zardozi (the world-renowned textile embroidery from Lucknow). The Zardozi products manufactured in areas in Lucknow and six surrounding districts of Barabanki, Unnao, Sitapur Hardoi, Amethi and Rae Bareli became a brand and can carry a registered logo to confirm their authenticity.
Kshetriya Shree Gandhi Ashram, Lucknow Road, Barabanki
There are 6 industrial areas in the District Barabanki
- UPSIDC Agro Park, Kursi Road, Barabanki
- Industrial Area, Dewa Road, Barabanki
- Industrial Area, Rasool Panah, Fatehpur, Barabanki
- Mini Industrial Area, Ismailpur, Dewa, Barabanki
- Mini Industrial Area Amarsanda, Barabanki
- Mini Industrial Area Sohilpur, Harakh, Barabanki
Barabanki has following industries and factories:
- India PolyFibres Ltd. – The Company is engaged in manufacturing of polyester staple fibre, polyester, and tow with technology from Du Pont, USA.
- DSM Sugar, Rauzagaon, Barabanki, UP.
- Hally Industries Pvt. Ltd., Barabanki – Company is ISO 9001,9002,9004, ISO9001:2000 QMS Certification and KVQA Certificate from Netherland for manufacture and supply of all types of medium and high quality superior Welding Electrodes for supply in the Indian Railways. It further owns a Wire-drawing unit and a Rice Mill.
- J.R.Agro Industries Ltd.- 4.4 kms on Dewa road, Somaiya Nagar, Barabanki, is having solvent extraction plant & Vegetable Oil Refinery (Saheli Brand).
- J.R. Organics Ltd. (formerly Somaiya Organics Ltd.)
- Bharat Rubber Industries – Company has achieved ISO 9001:2000 QMS Certification from SWISO for manufacture and supply of Rubber to Metal Bonded and Extrusion Rubber Production and Rubber Moulded items. The consultancy services were provided by TQ Vision, New Delhi.
- Shree Shyam Industries, Tehsil Fatehpur
- Solar Power Plant – The first 2-MegaWatt capacity Solar Power Plant project of Uttar Pradesh is situated in village Sandauli of Barabanki district, it was inaugurated on 10 May 2012 and become operational in January 2013. The plant has been set up by company named Technical Associates Ltd.