Organisation Structure and its details
Each district in India has an officer-in-charge who represents the state governments in that area in the capacity of Collector and District Magistrate. He is the head of the administration in the district and for the performance of his functions he has a well-knit hierarchy in the district.
The district is geographically divided into a number of units known as subdivisions in Uttar Pradesh. Each sub-division is placed under the charge of an officer of IAS rank or State Civil Service Class I officer. The official-in-charge of this unit bears a variety of names; he is called Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM) in Uttar Pradesh. The sub-division is a principal unit of land revenue administration between the district and the village in the UP. The Sub-Divisional Officer carries out the orders of the Collector faithfully. Like the Collector, he is a generalist area administrator and is in touch with other government departments in his subdivision and acts as the head of the extension team. The Government expects him to have the same general knowledge of his sub-division as the Collector has of the district. The Collector holds him responsible for the honest and proper discharge of duties by the subordinate revenue staff also keeping him informed about all things and men in the sub-division including matters relating to law and order and the general well-being of the people. He is link between the District Collector and the tahsildar in revenue matters and the District Magistrate and the Station Officer (Police) in matters relating to law and order.
Tahsil is the basic unit for purposes of general administration, treasury, land revenue, land records and other items of work. It has the closest and widest contact with the rural population. Each tehsil usually comprises between 200-600 villages. The officer-in-charge of the tehsil is the Tehsildar who belongs to the State Civil Services. He is the principal official in the district administration responsible for actual revenue collector. The Tehsildar is often assisted by the Naib Tehsildars, Kanungos, and Lekhpals. His main duties include supervision of : timely collection of land revenue and other dues such as recovery of taccavi dues, etc. and maintenance of land records and agriculture data; maintenance of records pertaining to crop damage due to floods and other natural calamities and distribution of government funds meant for this purpose; assistance to Deputy Commissioner and the SDO in the exercise of their power and duties; to decide the revenue cases; and to provide services to the State and the Central Governments wherever required. The Tehsildar is a the chief agent of government at the taluka level, especially when the sub-division officer is not resident in taluka headquarters. In these cases the Tehsildar is a miniature Collector, with the Inspector of Police (or Station Officer), Assistant (or Sub-Assistant), Surgeon, Overseer (or Assistant Engineer), Veterinary Officer, Agriculture Inspector, and such other departmental officials, in company; he too co-ordinates their services and receives their cooperation in his own general administration. The Government look to him for the execution of their orders, sent through the Collector who may add his own directions while communicating to the Tahsildar by virtue of his position as supervisor of tehsil administration.